These dates were compiled from Internet and book sources by Kate Register of Rice, Virginia. of Australia) 1856 - Burton and Speke discover Lake Tanganyika 1857 - John Speke discovers Lake Victoria 1867 - Alaska sold by Russia to US 1868 - Austro-Hungarian Empire established 1869 - Suez Canal complete 1878 - Serbia, Montenegro and Romania independent 1878 - Cyprus became British 1885 - Congo Free State (Congo State); Britain established Bechuanaland Protectorate in what is now Botswana. African states 1902 - Cuba independence 1903 - Panama independence 1905 - End of the Swedish-Norwegian Union (Norway independent); Sakhalin Island divided between Japan and Russia; Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces in Canada 1907 - Eastern Oklahoma was called Indian Territory until 1907. 1918 - 1940 - Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania were independent. This is a work in progress, and should not be quoted without verification. Southern part of Bechuanaland was called British Bechuanaland, a colony that later became part of the Cape Colony and later S. 1891 - North and South Dakota divided and Indian Territory in Oklahoma 1895 - "Rhodesia" name on Ndebele territory of Zimbabwe1900 - Cook Islands annexed by New Zealand. 1908 - Bulgaria becomes independent kingdom; Belgium takes over Congo Free State 1909 - Canberra becomes capital of Australia. Others collect world globes because they are beautiful to look at. 1918 - Austria, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia independence 1919 - Treaty of Versaille; League of Nations formed; flu epidemic.
(June 3) 2006 - Serbia was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) became its own entity after Montenegro split.
Major break-up of colonial Africa: French West Africa, French Equatorial Africa, Belgian Congo, and other territories end, creating over 15 independent countries, including Niger, Chad, Somalia, Congo, Nigeria.
1958-61 - Egypt and Syria united as United Arab Republic1960 - French West Africa divides into independent countries and ceases to exist; Congo and Somalia independent. 1961 - Sierra Leone, Tanzania (Tanganyika) independent.
1977 - Djibouti independence 1978 - Dominica independence 1979 - St. 1994 - South Africa territory Walvis Bay becomes part of Namibia 1997 - Zaire changes name to Democratic Republic of the Congo Hong Kong possession transfers from United Kingdom to Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China Western Samoa changes name to Samoa 1998 - Nunavut Territory created from part of Northwest Territories (Canada) 1999 - Macao transferred from Portugal to China2002 - East Timor gains independence from Indonesia (declared independence from Portugal in 1975 but did not became independent from Indonesia until 2002.) 2003 - Yugoslavia divides into Serbia and Montenegro 2006 - Montenegro was part of Serbia and Montenegro (also known as Yugoslavia) but gained independence after a referendum.
USSR invades Afganistan.1979/1980 - Zimbabwe gains independence from United Kingdom. Antigua and Barbuda become independent state in British Common-Wealth of Nations 1984 - Upper Volta changes name to Burkina Faso1991 - Soviet Union dissolves into 15 new countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan 1992 - Yugoslavia dissolves into 5 new countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia 1993 - Czechoslovakia divides into Czech Republic and Slovakia 1993 - Eritrea was part of Ethiopia but seceded and gained independence1994 - Palau was part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (administered by the United States) and gained independence as a former colony.